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Indian and Botanical Names of Spices
Spices List with Botanical and Indian names

Sr.
no.
English Common Name Family Name Botanical Name Part use as
spices
1 Cardamom (Small) Elettaria cardamomum Maton Zingiberaceae Fruit, Seed
  Cardamom (Large) Amomum subulatum Roxb. Zingiberaceae Fruit, Seed
2 Pepper Piper nigrum L. Piperaceae Fruit
3 Chilli      
  Bird’s Eye Capsicum frutescens L. Solanaceae Fruit
  Capsicum Capsicum frutescens L. Solanaceae Fruit
  Chilli Capsicum frutescens L. Solanaceae Fruit
  Paprika Capsicum frutescens L. Solanaceae Fruit
4 Ginger Zingiber officinale Rosc. Zingiberaceae Rhizome
5 Turmeric Curcuma longa L. Zingiberaceae Rhizome
6 Coriander Coriandrum sativum L. Apiaceae Leaf & Fruit
7 Cumin Cuminum cyminum L. Apiaceae Fruit
8 Fennel Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Apiaceae Fruit
9 Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum L. Fabaceae Seed
10 Celery Apium graveolens L. Apiaceae Leaf, Fruit & Stem
11 Aniseed Pimpinella anisum L. Apiaceae Fruit
12 Ajowan Trachyspermum ammi L. Apiaceae Fruit
13 Caraway Carum carvi L. Apiaceae Fruit
14 Dill Anethum graveolens L. Apiaceae Fruit
15 Cinnamon Cinnamomum zeylanicum Breyn Lauraceae Bark
16 Cassia Cinnamomum cassia.Blume Lauraceae Bark
17 Garlic Allium sativum L. Alliaceae Bulb
18 Curry leaf Murraya koenigii(L) Sprengel Rutaceae Leaf
19 Kokam Garcinia indica Choisy Clusiaceae Rind
20 Mint Mentha piperita L. Lamiaceae Leaf
21 Mustard Brassica juncea L.Czern Brassicaceae Seed
22 Parsley Petroselinum crispum Mill. Apiaceae Leaf
23 Pomegranate Punica granatum L. Punicaceae Seed
24 Saffron Crocus sativus L. Iridaceae Stigma
25 Vanilla Vanilla planifolia Andr. Orchidaceae Pod
26 Tejpat Cinnamomum tamala (Buch Ham) Nees & Eberum Lauraceae Bark & Leaf
27 Pepper Long Piper longum L. Piperaceae Fruit
28 Star Anise Illicium verum Hook. Illiciaceae Fruit
29 Sweet flag Acorus calamus L. Araceae Rhizome
30 Greater Galanga Alpinia galanga Willd. Zingiberaceae Rhizome
31 Horse Radish Armoracia rusticana Gaertn. Brassicaceae Root
32 Caper Capparis spinosa L. Capparidaceae Flower buds
33 Clove Syzygium aromaticum(L)
Merr.& Perry
Myrtaceae Unopened
Flower bud
34 Asafoetida Ferula asafoetida L Apiaceae Oleogum resin
from rhizome
and thickened
root
35 Camboge Garcinia cambogia (Gaertn).Desr Clusiaceae Rind
36 Hyssop Hyssopus officinalis L. Lamiaceae Leaf
37 Juniper berry Juniperus communis L. Cupressaceae Berry
38 Bay Leaf Laurus nobilis L. Lauraceae Leaf
39 Lovage Levisticum officinale Koth. Apiaceae Leaf & Stem
40 Marjoram Marjorana hortensis Moench. Lamiaceae Leaf
41 Nutmeg Myristica fragrans Houtt. Myristicaceae Seed
42 Mace Myristica fragrans Houtt. Myristicaceae Aril
43 Basil Ocimum basilicum L. Lamiaceae Leaf
44 Poppy seed Papaver somniferum L. Papaveraceae Seed
45 Allspice Pimenta dioica (L) Merr. Myrtaceae Fruit & Leaf
46 Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis L. Lamiaceae Leaf
47 Sage Salvia officinalis L. Lamiaceae Leaf
48 Savory Satureja hortensis L. Lamiaceae Leaf
49 Thyme Thymus vulgaris L. Lamiaceae Leaf
50 Oregano Origanum vulgare L. Lamiaceae Leaf
51 Tarragon Artemisia dracunculus L. Asteraceae Leaf
52 Tamarind Tamarindus indica L. Caesalpiniaceae Fruit
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List of Spices with Indian and Botanical names


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